A government’s role is only to provide defense capability and urban infrastructure (road, water supplies, etc). All other services (education, health, social security) should be provided by private groups or individuals in the community. Do you agree or diagree with the statement.
因此，本段文章的论据可以写成: social services provided by government are more unified and integrated, indicating vast majority of citizens can have access to fruits of government’s investment. Besides, it is the function of our state that gaurantees the right of the underprivileged, a direct way to relieve the disparity between rich and poor as well as social conflicts.
Some people think scientific research should be controlled by governments rather than private company, do you agree or disagree?
本题的题意是科学研究的应该由政府还是私人公司来控制。政府的分析思路如上，优势在于全面性、统一性和基础性。政府投资进行科研，可以保证研究更全面运行，并作用于个人。而不集中在能够盈利的科研上。比如环境保护，物种开发，外太空探索。相比之下，私人公司更注重盈利，所以他们较少涉及保护环境的研究。从政府投资的全面性角度出发，构建我们的主体1的论证：scientific research should be established for the public instead of private profits, which corresponds to the purpose of government and fulfill our state’s responsibility to maintain a harmonious social environment. In contrast, private companies emphasize more on profits, so they would concentrate more on the demands of affluent people, instead of national interest. For example, in medical treatment, private industries would invent medicine which is helpful to address some illnesses, but they would raise the price of it, leading to the situation that many poor citizens cannot buy this medicine to treat disease; researches on nature and environment has seldom drawn private companies’ attention. On the contrary, government ensure these scientific results conducive to local citizens, not only in medical system, but also in social environment. In this sense, government needs to control this phenomenon, letting more residents enjoy the outcome of science.
In times of an economic crisis, in which area should governments reduce its spending? 1. Arts 2. Scientific research 3. Parks and public gardens.
The disparity of artistic investment with other two spendings lies in the spiritual construction, as art is more far-reaching and of upper levels. To some extent, reducing the expediture in art would not influence citizens’ lives considerably. With limited budget, government has to fulfill the physical pursuit and this top priority is guaranteed by any state all over the world. Considering above reasons, it is worthwhile to invest more on scientific research and park and public gardens, compared to art.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Government should spend more money in support of arts than in support of athletics such as state-sponsored Olympic teams.
Both art and sports have long been considered as to contribute to the overall national strength. Whether the art or sport should require a relatively high funding by state varies from country to country. Take China for instance, on one hand, as a developing country government is supposed to significantly sponsor its athletics in order to gain many golden medals in Olympics or other international matches. On the other hand, a number of people also view that it is essential to highly support the industry of art, which encompass a variety of forms ranging from paintings to movies. My perspective goes with the latter one.
To begin with, the development of art industry will contribute more to Chinese economy status that that of sports industry. Admittedly, the sports development is of a great significance to Chinese strength, especially when barely Chinese athletics could win the golden medals in Olympics games. Whereas after decades of efforts, nowadays China has demonstrated a worldwide puissance through wining endless golden medals in Olympics, while the art industry is still less developed. That’s why I think art, which could also improve the Chinese economy strength, should become the current focus rather than sport. By looking at the GDP composition of some developed countries, apparently income of art plays a vital role in the total GDP: The income of comic industry contributes to more than 11% of the overall Japanese GDP, and over 75% of Korean export revenue are brought by Koreans dramas. Not to say movies produced by American Hollywood, even one single Disney carton movie, namely Frozen, has earned over 120 billion of dollars. Compared to these countries, the export of art industry in China still has a long way to go.
In addition, with the development of internet, art will gain a larger platform to be displayed than sport. Indeed, many sport competitions could be also broadcasted via different sorts of medias, including TV channels, internet, and radios. In contrast, another obvious trend in China is that the advent of internet has largely cultivated the atmosphere of entertainment and thus promotes the further development of art variety. In light of a recent research in terms of the ideal jobs of adults who were born after 1995, most of them expect to earn money through internet, by posting videos, singing songs, composing literacy, playing instruments and so on, all of which could be viewed as different forms of art. Thereby, government should take advantages of this tendency and provide corresponding financial support.
To clarify, funding more on art improvement does not necessarily mean that China could neglect the importance of sport investment. If the reduced amount sponsored on sport team will have a negative impact on the current national sport strength, say eliminating the numbers of golden medals obtained from crucial international or national matches, then it is still of importance for the state to increase the investment on coaches and athletics training.
In conclusion, for developing countries such as China, governments are suggested to provide more financial support to the development of art rather than sport, in order to make benefits from art industry and also as a response to the Internet era. Meanwhile, governments should not view the development of art as opposed to sport, the latter one which still requires a certain investment to maintain and improve its current strength.