福州朗阁>托福考试>托福写作之政府投资话题

托福写作之政府投资话题

  • 来源:朗阁教育
  • 2018/1/22 11:30:38
  • 编辑:朗阁教育

在众多政府类话题当中,频繁出现的考题形式是投资内容的比较。此话题难度不大,重点是要找准分析对象的特征,从而进行描述,将支持方的理由写充分即可。今天我们来分析政府投资类话题两个维度的比较,即政府与个人维度,投资内容维度。

  在众多政府类话题当中,频繁出现的考题形式是投资内容的比较。此话题难度不大,重点是要找准分析对象的特征,从而进行描述,将支持方的理由写充分即可。今天我们来分析政府投资类话题两个维度的比较,即政府与个人维度,投资内容维度。
  政府和个人
  首先,通过比较政府与个人或者私人组织在同一投资目标中所产生的收益,分析并给出结论。从中选取政府的职能为关键点,围绕人民的生活,尽可能保证人民的权利。所以论证政府投资的重点就在于全面性、统一性和基础性。
  看例题:
  A government’s role is only to provide defense capability and urban infrastructure (road, water supplies, etc). All other services (education, health, social security) should be provided by private groups or individuals in the community. Do you agree or diagree with the statement.
  本题就是一篇很经典的政府职能讨论题。政府为什么要提供医疗,教育和社会安全?原因在于其服务的全面性、统一性和基础性。所谓全面性,指的是政府可以让公众都享受到他们的权利,无论性别、年龄与阶级的区别;所谓统一性,指的是公众享受平等的权利,不因为社会地位、种族的不同而发生变化;所谓基础性,指的是政府投资的服务只能保障最为基本的物资需求,但如果是更高层次的精神需求,政府就“有心无力”了。
  因此,本段文章的论据可以写成: social services provided by government are more unified and integrated, indicating vast majority of citizens can have access to fruits of government’s investment. Besides, it is the function of our state that gaurantees the right of the underprivileged, a direct way to relieve the disparity between rich and poor as well as social conflicts.
  再看例题:
  Some people think scientific research should be controlled by governments rather than private company, do you agree or disagree?
  本题的题意是科学研究的应该由政府还是私人公司来控制。政府的分析思路如上,优势在于全面性、统一性和基础性。政府投资进行科研,可以保证研究更全面运行,并作用于个人。而不集中在能够盈利的科研上。比如环境保护,物种开发,外太空探索。相比之下,私人公司更注重盈利,所以他们较少涉及保护环境的研究。从政府投资的全面性角度出发,构建我们的主体1的论证:scientific research should be established for the public instead of private profits, which corresponds to the purpose of government and fulfill our state’s responsibility to maintain a harmonious social environment. In contrast, private companies emphasize more on profits, so they would concentrate more on the demands of affluent people, instead of national interest. For example, in medical treatment, private industries would invent medicine which is helpful to address some illnesses, but they would raise the price of it, leading to the situation that many poor citizens cannot buy this medicine to treat disease; researches on nature and environment has seldom drawn private companies’ attention. On the contrary, government ensure these scientific results conducive to local citizens, not only in medical system, but also in social environment. In this sense, government needs to control this phenomenon, letting more residents enjoy the outcome of science.
  投资内容
  第二个分析思路是从题目给出的两个或者三个对象出发,找到共性和异性。通常,考题中会根据不同领域、层次,比如物质和精神,身体和思想,科技和经济等方面给出对象。找到共异性,帮助我们定位文章的立场从而确立论点。
  看例题:
  In times of an economic crisis, in which area should governments reduce its spending? 1. Arts 2. Scientific research 3. Parks and public gardens.
  本题给出的三个领域,艺术、科学研究、公园建设三者起的作用都不相同,即异性大于共性。共性指的是三者都能促进现代化,提升人民生活水平,增强国家形象和地位。异性指的是艺术围绕个人的精神文明建设,培养人民群众的艺术感,审美感,丰富精神,追求更高理想;科研围绕国家的进步,第一生产力,解决人民日益增长的物质需求,体现国际地位和影响力;公园建设围绕城市美观,市民休闲生活建设以及社会公共设施管理。从三者的异性出发,秉着“经济基础决定上层建筑”原则,政府的重视程度依次为:科研,公园和艺术。而本题的要求则反其道而行之,政府最应该减少投资的最应该是艺术,因为艺术层面更为上层,更为长远。文中主体段的论证可以表达为:
  The disparity of artistic investment with other two spendings lies in the spiritual construction, as art is more far-reaching and of upper levels. To some extent, reducing the expediture in art would not influence citizens’ lives considerably. With limited budget, government has to fulfill the physical pursuit and this top priority is guaranteed by any state all over the world. Considering above reasons, it is worthwhile to invest more on scientific research and park and public gardens, compared to art.
  再看考题:
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Government should spend more money in support of arts than in support of athletics such as state-sponsored Olympic teams.
  本题投资对象的讨论是艺术和体育,仍然可以参照上文的分析方法。但是,本题有别于三选一的文章,主要在于两者比较,需要找到各自的优势。艺术投资不仅有利于精神层面,还有物质效用,即经济收益。(在三选一的文章中之所以没有提到经济作用,是因为科研也会带来经济作用,且特征比艺术的经济作用更明显,因此被弱化了。)体育运动投资可以提高身体素质,鼓励全民运动。接下来,通过一篇自创文章,分析该类型文章的写作思路。
  Both art and sports have long been considered as to contribute to the overall national strength. Whether the art or sport should require a relatively high funding by state varies from country to country. Take China for instance, on one hand, as a developing country government is supposed to significantly sponsor its athletics in order to gain many golden medals in Olympics or other international matches. On the other hand, a number of people also view that it is essential to highly support the industry of art, which encompass a variety of forms ranging from paintings to movies. My perspective goes with the latter one.
  To begin with, the development of art industry will contribute more to Chinese economy status that that of sports industry. Admittedly, the sports development is of a great significance to Chinese strength, especially when barely Chinese athletics could win the golden medals in Olympics games. Whereas after decades of efforts, nowadays China has demonstrated a worldwide puissance through wining endless golden medals in Olympics, while the art industry is still less developed. That’s why I think art, which could also improve the Chinese economy strength, should become the current focus rather than sport. By looking at the GDP composition of some developed countries, apparently income of art plays a vital role in the total GDP: The income of comic industry contributes to more than 11% of the overall Japanese GDP, and over 75% of Korean export revenue are brought by Koreans dramas. Not to say movies produced by American Hollywood, even one single Disney carton movie, namely Frozen, has earned over 120 billion of dollars. Compared to these countries, the export of art industry in China still has a long way to go.
  In addition, with the development of internet, art will gain a larger platform to be displayed than sport. Indeed, many sport competitions could be also broadcasted via different sorts of medias, including TV channels, internet, and radios. In contrast, another obvious trend in China is that the advent of internet has largely cultivated the atmosphere of entertainment and thus promotes the further development of art variety. In light of a recent research in terms of the ideal jobs of adults who were born after 1995, most of them expect to earn money through internet, by posting videos, singing songs, composing literacy, playing instruments and so on, all of which could be viewed as different forms of art. Thereby, government should take advantages of this tendency and provide corresponding financial support.
  To clarify, funding more on art improvement does not necessarily mean that China could neglect the importance of sport investment. If the reduced amount sponsored on sport team will have a negative impact on the current national sport strength, say eliminating the numbers of golden medals obtained from crucial international or national matches, then it is still of importance for the state to increase the investment on coaches and athletics training.
  In conclusion, for developing countries such as China, governments are suggested to provide more financial support to the development of art rather than sport, in order to make benefits from art industry and also as a response to the Internet era. Meanwhile, governments should not view the development of art as opposed to sport, the latter one which still requires a certain investment to maintain and improve its current strength.
  • 分享:

填写以下表单,免费领取
雅思、托福、SAT备考资料。

朗阁头条

猜你喜欢

关注我们

[关闭]    

领取说明:请先手机领取提取密码,然后点击到云盘下载。

*我们为您提供免费的课程咨询,并且非常尊重您的个人隐私,所有个人信息将严密保管。

下载地址: