福州朗阁>托福考试>新托福提分之如何看懂长难句

新托福提分之如何看懂长难句

  • 来源:朗阁教育
  • 2018/1/22 11:30:33
  • 编辑:fz

托福长句历来是中国考生,或者说大部分英语学习者的痛处。人们常说得长句者得天下,虽说其中有夸大的成分,但长句理解确实是托福阅读非常重要的一环。

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  托福长句历来是中国考生,或者说大部分英语学习者的痛处。人们常说得长句者得天下,虽说其中有夸大的成分,但长句理解确实是托福阅读非常重要的一环。

  Seatle UniversityEli Hinkel写过这样一篇文章,Simplicity Without Elegance:Features of Sentences in L1 and L2 Academic Texts, 这篇文章用数据分析了L1(first language)L2 (second language)使用者(基于ESL学生)在学术写作时的特点,以下是其中的一个例子和数据:

  Childrens opinions are always a controversial topic. Children are important to their parents, and some believe that older children are mature enough to flourish their opinions without parentsinterference. Some argue that children are incapable of distinguishing right from wrong, and therefore it is the responsibility for parents to construct their childrens opinions. The two beliefs are contradictory to each other, and many parents are anxious about this dilemma. (Excerpted from a native Chinese speaker)

  从以上中国学生写的段落和数据分析不难看出亚洲学生在学术写作时对于简单句的使用是大于native English speakers,换言之亚洲学生对于简单句的把握是没有问题的.有趣的是,如果让一个处于intermidiate level的亚洲学生从一句托福阅读长句中抽出最一般的简单句时,结果却是令人失望的.所以许多学生读不懂长句,写不好长句的现象是很普遍的.

  那么到底怎样才能基于文章理解长句呢?笔者的态度是Simplicity Without Elegance, 去寻求长句的simplicity, 简而言之就是把握basic unit, 何为basic unit? 无非就是组成长句的单词和基本句型.就像你有了简单的代数、几何的基础,才能去学习线性代数、立体几何;明白了基本的投资学,才能够涉及衍生金融.可是很多同学又会说,我的词汇量不错,简单句掌握得也不错,但是依然理解不了长句,那到底是什么环节出了问题?

  一、基本策略

  在分析如何看懂长句之前,先请读者看下面一段话:

  Socrates begins by asking Glaucon to imagine a cave inhabited by prisoners who have been imprisoned since childhood. These prisoners are chained in such a way that their legs and necks are fixed, forcing them to gaze at the wall in front of them. Behind the prisoners is a fire, and between the fire and the prisoners is a raised walkway. Along this walkway is a low wall, behind which people walk carrying objects ‘...including figures of

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